The Purpose of a Sump Pump
A sump pump can be a life saver in winters, heavy rains, and times of crisis. Located in a basement or crawlspace, sump pumps work like large drains that move accumulated water from your house to the outside. A sump can make the difference between having a flooded or moldy basement or being safe.
How Do I Know If I Need a Sump Pump?
There are many signs that your house might benefit from a sump pump. If your basement seems to be getting dilapidated, especially damp, then it may be due to water that isn’t draining out. If there are unexplained wet spots or puddles in your yard, then there may be excess water seeping out of your home and its plumbing.
Different Kinds of Sump Pumps
Even though sumps all have the same goal, not all of them achieve it in the same way. Some different types of sump pumps include:
- Pedestal pumps have a motor raised above a basin that collects water and pipes it out, which are usually used for smaller homes
- Submersible pumps are used for larger homes and are quieter than pedestal pumps since the mechanism to clear out the water is submerged in the basin
- Effluent pumps are not technically sump pumps since they move greywater, the water used by appliances like dishwashers which contain traces of solids, and can be set to run automatically whenever your appliances are used
There are other factors you should consider beyond what type of sump pump before moving to installation. You’ll need to check with your municipality, or whoever manages your sewer system, how you can legally discharge the water the pump collects. If you are discharging to septic, you still may want to include extra processing of the discharge.